Méthodes d'avortement 2019 2020
Méthodes d'avortement 2019 2020
Le concept d'avortement est une procédure médicale par laquelle la grossesse est terminée en retirant le fœtus de l'utérus avant le moment de la naissance.Cette procédure est courante : environ 20 à 30 millions d'avortements légaux sont pratiqués chaque année, et environ 10 à 20 avortements illégaux sont pratiqués chaque année, et les taux de mortalité par avortement illégal sont élevés en raison de complications graves.Toute femme peut avoir un avortement indépendamment de l'âge ou de l'état matrimonial, mais les taux d'élimination de la grossesse augmentent chez les jeunes femmes et les femmes célibataires vivant dans des communautés pauvres, ainsi que chez les femmes de plus de 40 ans.La plupart des avortements ont lieu avant la 24e semaine de grossesse au Royaume-Uni et dans d'autres pays et peuvent avoir lieu après la 24e semaine dans certaines circonstances, comme un risque pour la vie de la mère ou en raison de la découverte d'une incapacité fœtale.Il convient de noter que plus tôt l'avortement, plus la procédure sera facile et plus sûre.   En savoir plus sur
Methods of abortion Abortion is done in one of two ways, medical or surgical, as follows: Medical abortion (in English: Medical abortion): by giving some drugs to stimulate abortion. The most prominent of these drugs Mifepristone (English: Mifepristone), which works to stop the secretion of hormone progesterone, which leads to the breaking of the wall of the uterus and termination of pregnancy. If abortion does not occur with this medication alone, another drug, Misoprostol, is used to contract the uterus, causing pain and suffering from bleeding. Methotrexate is also a medication used in medical abortions. Medical abortion has 75-95% success rates, and women who have undergone this type of abortion are more comfortable and safe compared to surgical abortion.   Surgical abortion: A small operation is performed. The most prominent surgical abortions are:   Vacuum Aspiration, which involves gently aspirating the pregnancy, and can be performed either under local anesthesia, general anesthesia or general anesthesia. Sedatives, depending on your gestational age. Dilatation and Evacuation This procedure is performed if the gestational age is between 15 and 24 weeks, and must be performed under general anesthesia, and involves removal of the pregnancy with thin surgical forceps inserted through the cervix. After a surgical abortion, doctors usually monitor the patient for 30 minutes to make sure that the bleeding does not occur and that she does not feel abdominal pain. The IUD can be introduced at the same time if the patient intends to use it at the same time. She should see a doctor if she has severe abdominal pain, a fever of more than 38 degrees Celsius, or severe bleeding, which involves changing more than a dozen diapers a day. She may be asked to see a doctor within one to three weeks after the procedure to make sure that the pregnancy is finally terminated and to make sure that there are no complications. It may be worthwhile to use painkillers such as Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen or Naproxen.  How to choose an abortion method depends mainly on the duration of pregnancy. , And the patient's history; suffering from certain diseases may influence the choice of the most appropriate method for abortion. The best method of abortion according to the duration of pregnancy is divided as follows:   If the gestational age is less than seven weeks (or nine weeks after the last menstrual period): abortion can be performed either medically or surgically. If the last menstrual cycle has been nine to fourteen weeks: Abortion is performed by the so-called method of enlargement and abrasion of the uterus. If more than fourteen weeks have passed since the last menstrual period: Abortion is performed surgically by the method of enlargement and evacuation of the uterus. If the gestational age is more than 20 weeks: Abortion is done by stimulating labor, known as induction of labor, by giving prostaglandin, or by using a hysterotomy. Or Dilatation and extraction. Miscarriage Complications In some women, abortion can have many complications, and if it occurs, surgery may be used as a means of controlling it. To avoid complications, it is best to have an abortion as early as possible. Abortion does not directly affect the chances of having a baby in the future. The most prominent complications are:  infection of the womb: This may occur for one out of every ten miscarriages. The survival of some of the remains of the pregnancy in the womb: the chance of this happening is about one out of every twenty abortions. Damage to the cervix: Approximately 1 percent of surgical abortions occur. Excessive bleeding: This may occur for one in every 1,000 abortions. Damage to the uterus: This may occur for one of 250-1000 surgical abortions. In medical abortion, the ratio does not exceed one in every 1,000 abortions. Video How to drop the fetus - from a medical point of view There are some cases that require abortion of the fetus from a medical point of view, what are these cases? Watch the video to learn more.